In Kenya, integrated bio-behavioral surveys have established a significantly higher prevalence of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared to men in the general population. Prior research has documented challenges in accessing appropriate HIV prevention, testing and treatment services for this population too. Kenya as the second country after South Africa in Africa to approve the use of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention, the opportunity exists for significantly impacting the epidemic among MSM. For this rollout to have impact it needs to be accessible and acceptable to MSM and they need to recognise if and how they could integrate the intervention into their sexual lives.
Kabuti’s project’s broad objective will be to evaluate the knowledge of PrEP among MSM, potential barriers and facilitators for uptake, and factors that could influence adherence to the new intervention when delivery models are finally agreed on. A cross-sectional study among Nairobi MSM especially those enrolled in the ongoing “Targeted Research Advancing Sexual Health for Men who have sex with Men (TRANSFORM)” will be conducted utilising a multi method approach. Focus group discussions will be used to collect qualitative data and group dynamics while questionnaires will be administered to individual participants after informed consent to collect quantitative information. Data will be analysed using Nvivo and SPSS respectively.