Penny Moore is a Reader and DST/NRF South African Research Chair of Virus-Host Dynamics at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) and the National Institute for Communicable Diseases, and Research Associate at CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu-Natal. She obtained her MSc in Microbiology at Wits, studying gastroenteritis-associated adenoviruses. This was followed by a PhD in Virology (Medicine) at the University of London (studying the Hepatitis B virus) in 2003 before returning to South Africa to join NICD/Wits. Her current research focuses on HIV broadly neutralising antibodies and their interplay with the evolving virus. Recent studies published in PloS Pathogens, Nature and Nature Medicine have highlighted the role of viral escape in creating new epitopes and immunotypes, thereby driving the development of neutralisation breadth, with implications for HIV vaccine design. Moore currently supervises 7 PhD students and is funded through the South African Medical Research Council, the National Research Foundation/Department of Science and Technology and the NIH.